Social Studies Single Parent SBA Sample
What are the problems encountered by single parents in my community? The study seeks to find out:
If single parent is a widespread
The causes of single parent
The problems that single parent face
The average of single parent
Reasons for selecting this area of research
The researcher has chosen this topic because, I have been living on the community for approximately sixteen years. I have noticed that there are a number of single parent families in my community and having to submit a SBA in partial fulfillment of the Social Studies course I have decided to do an investigation into the challenges faced by single parent in my community.
Method of Investigation
In order to collect data for this survey printed questionnaires were used. This data collection tool was used because.
Justification of Method
It requires little time to be completed.
It can be done at the convenience of the person required to have it completed.
It guaranteed confidentiality since respondents are not required to attach their names to questionnaire.
1. What is your sex? Male
2. What is your occupation? _________________________
3. How many children do you have?
1 – 2 5 – 6
3 – 4 over 6
4. What caused you to become a single parent? Divorce Migration
5. How do you support your family?
Self – employed Friends 6. In what age group do you fall?
18 – 23 yrs 24 – 35 yrs
23 – 29 yrs 35 – 40 yrs
7. Do you get any financial help from the other parent?
Yes No 8. How frequently do you get support?
The end of the week
The end of every two week
The end of every month Other_________________________________
9. How long have you been a single parent?
1 – 2 yrs
3 – 4 yrs
5 – 6 yrs
Other____________________________ (please specify)
10. How long do you spend with your child/children per day? Under 1 hour
1 – 2 hours
3 – 4 hours
11. Do your child/children attend school regularly? 1 day per week 3 days per week
2 days per week 4 days per week 5 days per week
12. What is the average grade of your child?
B D 13. Do you support your child/children with school work?
Other____________________________ (please specify)
Procedures used to collect data
As stated earlier, Fletchers Land has approximately 200 households. It was calculated that a sample of 80% was necessary in order to ensure accurate conclusions on the level of prevalence of single parent families in my community.
A total of 40 questionnaires were prepared for distribution to the community members.
I therefore decided to choose the households by a process of random selection which will cater for the requirements mentioned above. Each slip of paper was folded and placed into a box. The box was closed and shaked vigorously to ensure a thorough mixture of the numbers. A total of 20 slips were drawn from the box, one at time, while shaking the box in the process.
The 40 households thus selected were then supplied with questionnaires I waited until all questionnaires were completed and then went home to analyze the data I collected.
Presentation and procedures used to collect of data
A total of 40 questionnaires were distributed to community members of these respondents, 90% were female and 10% were male.
Key Death Divorce Separation Migration
Pie charts showing causes of single parent family. Question 4
Figure 1Fiq 1 shows the causes of single parent in my community. It can be seen that 60% have become single parent due to separation, 20% have become a single parent because of migration, whereas 15% were caused by divorce and 5% of the single parent caused by death.
Table showing length of time being a single parent Question 9
Table 1 shows that 10% of the residents been living in the community for 1 – 2 years, 20% have been living there for 3 – 4 years, meanwhile 30% of the resident have been living there 5 – 6 years whereas 40% have been living there for over 6 years.Key Yes No
Pie chart showing whether or not single parent get help form the other parent.
Question 7 Figure 2Figure two (2) shows that Seventy-Five percent 75% of the respondents does not get any financial support from the other parent. While Twenty-Five 25% of the respondents get financial help from the other parent.
Table showing frequency of the support Question 8
Table two (2) shows that at the end of every two 15% of the respondents receive money from the other partner, 25% of the respondents receive money at the end of every two weeks, 10% receive money at the end of every month whereas 50% receive money whenever the other partner brings it.
Fig 3 shows how frequently the child/children attend school. 40% of the respondent child/children attend school 1 day per week, 35% respondents child/children attend school 2 days per week, 25% attends school 3 days per week, while 15% attends school 4 days per week and 5% attend school 5 days per week.
Table showing average grade of child Question 12
Table 3 shows the average grade of the child/children. It can be seen that 15%of the child/children have A average, 10% of the respondents child /children have a B average whereas 30% of the respondents child/children have a C average and 40% of the respondents child/children have D average. 50 40 30
20 ages of 10 respondents
18 – 23 years
23 – 29 years
29 – 35 years
35 – 40 years
Bar graph showing age group of respondents
Fig 4 shows the age group of single parents within the community. Between the ages of 18 – 23 years old 50% of the respondents are single parent, 35% of the respondents are between the ages of 23 – 29years old, while 40% of the respondents are between the ages of 29 – 35 years old and 10% of the respondents are between the ages of 35 – 40 years old.
No. of persons
1 – 2
3 – 4
5 – 6
Table showing the number of children single parent have Question 3
Table 4 shows the number of children the parents has. 15% of the respondents have 1 – 2 children, 25% of the respondents have 3 – 4 children, while 50% of the respondents have 5 – 6 children and 10% of the respondents have over 6 children.45 40 35 30
25 Series 1 20
Bar graph showing how single parents support their family Question 5
Fig 5 shows how these respondents support their family. 10% of the respondents are employed, 45% of the respondents are self – employed while 35% get family support and 20% of the respondents support their families by friends.Key
Whenever they have time sometimes
Pie chart showing whether or not parent support children with school work
Fig 6 shows how the parent supports their child/children with schoolwork. 65% of the respondents help their children child/children with schoolwork whenever they have time, 20% of the respondents provision with the school sometimes, 10% of the respondents say yes the support their child/children with assignments and 5% of the respondents does not assist their child/children with assignments. Appendix
DEPRESSION WITHIN THE
HOMEHAPPINESS WITHIN THE
Their ex- partner supports some single mothers financially. However emotionally single mothers are left on their own to see the emotional and psychological side of the child development.
Results of a review of problems associated with separation indicate that not only are very large numbers of children involved, but separation seems to be associated with serious effects for children and adults. A very substantial number of children of separation family almost live in poverty and experience reduction in family income. This is caused by poor performance of fathers providing financial support for their children.
Many single parents have problems trying to balance their children lives and personal lives. Most times children lack adequate attention; these children are at risk for involvement in dangerous behaviors or self-injury due to the lack of supervision from parent.Recommendations
The importance of knowing the consequences of being a single parent can become effective. The Parenting Association within the community can invite the National Family Planning board to educate the younger residents on how to plan for a child, always try to use contraceptive along with further discussion and solutions.
Social workers should visit the community at the end of every month, to ensure that children are attending school, nutritious and also being well cared for. Whereas person who can’t meet the financial status, these workers will assigned the underdeveloped homes to the PATH program, which will assist parent with financial and academics needs.
The child development agency in enforcing the Child Care and Protection Act can take greater actions towards the parents not supporting child, by placing the parent in court or imprisonment if she/he refuses to support the child.Acknowledgement
I proudly take this opportunity to thank my teacher Mrs. Rodney for her valuable time in helping me with the gathering of this information and ideas for this project. I would like to thank god for the strength and knowledge he has given me throughout the research of this project.