How To Do A Manuscript EDPM SBA
MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION GUIDE
Manuscripts will be accepted in English or Spanish to members and non-members of the Mexican Society of Plant Pathology. Manuscripts may be: scientific articles, reviews, research notes, editorials, letters to the editor and full text of symposia. The editorial board may periodically request literature reviews or contributions to seminars on specific topics.
For Papers submitted must have the following characteristics:
1). You must submit an original work on some aspect of plant pathology.
2). It can be a review article, or translation of a concept, hypothesis, theory, or other aspects of plant pathology.
3). Original Phytopathological notes on observations, technical data or historical aspects of plant pathology. Notes do not need headlines like introduction, materials and methods, etc.. and can be up to five pages, double spaced.
4). Letters to the editor. These can be concise opinions about phytopathological work, principles, ads or reviews. The editorial board reserves the right to publish or reject these items.
The editorial board of the RFM reserves the right to refuse any job if you do not qualify for quality, consistency and originality. The writings and editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor in Chief and understood that they have not been and will not be sent to any other regular circulation magazine.
Text. Write in a clear and concise manner. Use words with precision, clarity and economy. Each sentence must be accurate and simple.Describe observations and experiments in the past tense, use the present to generalizations. Use direct sentences and avoid the passive voice; compare: “The bacteria produce antibiotics” “antibiotics are produced by bacteria.” Avoid superlatives and words like “very”, “much”, “more”, “pretty”, etc. . Use words with their precise meaning, consult specialized dictionaries when in doubt and be sure to use the correct technical terms.
Editorial support. After writing the manuscript, study each sentence to determine whether it can shorten or omit. Before sending, make sure that the manuscript has been critically reviewed by two colleagues.
Manuscripts. For scientific papers the manuscript should not exceed 20 double-spaced pages including tables and figures. The Phytopathological notes should not exceed five double-spaced typed pages including tables and figures. Phytopathological notes are also accepted in abstract form, which can be used for items that do not meet some of the requirements of the Guide to Preparing Manuscripts RMF, but which are important to local agriculture, regional or national. This form must be typed in Times New Roman, size 8, all justified in an approximate width of 8.3 cm x 11 cm long, totaling approximately 2317 characters, including spaces. Type the title in bold, uppercase and lowercase, the translation into English or Spanish in parentheses and in normal font. Then type the full name of authors and their addresses, leave a blank line, type the text, leave a blank line, and provide two references maximum. In the case of scientific articles and Phytopathological notes, use letter size and Times New Roman 12 with a margin of 2.5 cm on all four sides. Avoid breaking words or phrases at the end of lines.Send your letter by email. No insert tables or figures in the text of the manuscript. If there are graphs, send the original data. Also indicate if the document contains common symbols and indicate its location. If sent by regular mail, include a diskette with files written. Do not staple or fold manuscripts and number all pages consecutively. Manuscripts accepted for publication should be sent by email or on a 3.5 diskette in Microsoft Word or Word Perfect. Include the original photographs, preferably in slide. For the disk, individual directories for the text, tables and figures.Identify the diskette with the author’s name and job title. Enter word processors and figures used. Manuscripts submitted to the RMF that are accepted will be owned by the Mexican Phytopathological Society, AC Authors (authors and co-authors) who have submitted a letter to the RMF for consideration for publication, and that after having gone through the process review, where the verdict indicated the possibility accepted for publication in any of its forms, and to submit to another journal and publish that letter, the estimated cost will be charged for the number of pages that had occupied on the basis of original writing, Should authors (authors and co-authors) would submit another letter to the RMF for consideration for publication.
ORGANIZATION OF MANUSCRIPT
Title. The title should identify the contents of the manuscript; titles write clear, concise and specific. You must write in uppercase and lowercase letters, bold and centered, avoiding start with: “Research …”, “Studies …” etc.. Not accept titles that indicate a series of related work, unless they are submitted together. The common name of plants must be accompanied by scientific name and its descriptor.
Author-Institution. Below the title type the full name of the authors capitalization, bold and justified. Omit “by”, and degrees. After each author, type-case the name of the institution (s) where the work was done. Include department, city, state and zip code, and indicate the author to whom correspondence should be sent.
Dick Alfredo Martinez-Espinoza, Center for Research and Advanced Studies of IPN, Dept.. Plant Genetic Engineering, Apdo Postal 649, Irapuato, Guanajuato CP 36500 Mexico, and John E. Sherwood, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.59717-0314. USA. Correspondence: amartine @ Irapuato. ira.cinvestav.mx
Acknowledgements. The heading should be written in bold, upper and lower case and left. This section will go before the cited literature and shall indicate the statement or authorization key publication of the institution concerned. You can mention the technical, economic, or any other type, or if it is part of a thesis.
Summary. The heading should be written in bold, upper and lower case and left. The abstract should summarize, in a single paragraph, the most relevant aspects of the investigation, not to exceed 200 words. Do not repeat the title in the abstract, use scientific terminology and avoid abbreviations. The scientific names of plants or pathogens should not descriptor in this section.
Additional keywords. The heading should be written in uppercase and lowercase letters and left. Below the abstract provide a list of up to six key words that serve to international compilation purposes, not included in the title of the work (common and scientific names, plant pathology and physiological concepts, agrochemicals, etc..).
Abstract. The heading should be written in bold, upper and lower case and left. Provide an accurate translation in English of what is written in the summary in Spanish. The editorial board of the RMF will provide support for authors who can not do the translation. The editorial committee reserves the right RMF that a manuscript submitted in Spanish, you can do an abridged translation rather than the abstract.
Additional keywords. The heading should be written in uppercase and lowercase letters and left. Below the abstract provide an accurate translation in English of the list of the words listed in the Additional Keywords section.
INTRODUCTION. This header can be omitted, if not, should be written in bold, upper and left. Start with a brief introduction about the problem.Justify your research with relevant references and explain the engagement objectives. Omit the heading “Literature Review” and include related information in the “Introduction” and the “talk” of writing.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. This header and the Results, Discussion, and References should be written in bold, capitalized and left of the sheet. Describe the materials and methods used in the detail necessary, so that someone else can repeat exactly the procedure. In the case of methodologies and general knowledge, indicate the reference of where it was taken, and indicate the relevant changes. Present information in a clear and coherent. Use photographs, paintings and drawings, but they help to clarify and document the text. Illustrations must be functional and not repeat the material described in the text.
RESULTS. Present precise data on the main effects and preference based on appropriate statistical methods. When pointing out differences between two sets of results, apply a significance test and confidence limits mentioned. The discussion of the results can be presented under separate headings, but if the author prefers, both issues can occur under
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION.
DISCUSSION. Must interpret the results of the work and relate with previous research or similar work reported in the literature, and include logical deductions.
Citations. The citation of references in the text should appear as follows: author’s last name and if two authors or author and et al ., if more than two, followed by the year of publication. The use of brackets depends on the overall structure of the sentence.
-An author: Mendoza (1990) or (Smith, 1990). Two authors: Smith and Brown (1990) or (Smith and Brown, 1990). Three or more authors: Smithet al . (1990) or (Mendoza et al ., 1990).
-If the author (s) and years are the same for more than one reference, add a lowercase letter (in alphabetical sequence) after the year. Example: Davis (1989a) or (Davis, 1989b). Use semicolons to separate multiple references. Example: (Garza, 1978; Mosqueda, 1989, Nieto et al ., 1990).
LITERATURE CITED. Include only the publications mentioned in the text, which will be presented in alphabetical order. The information in the following sequence:
1. Scientific journals.
a) Author (s). The paternal and maternal surname, followed by a comma, precedes the initials of name, this should be uniform for all authors of Latin American origin. Authors from different sources using only the last name, followed by a comma which precedes the initial (s). Separate with a comma last initial of the first author and follow with the surname and initials of the coauthors.
c) Job Title as listed on the first page of the job. Only the first letter of the first word in a title be capitalized unless proper nouns are included.
d) name of the journal in which the work was published. Avoid abbreviations.
e) Volume and page.
Orozco-Santos, M., and Gonzalez-Garza, R. 1985. Description amachamiento Valencia orange ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) in the State of Veracruz. Journal of Phytopathology 3:66-69.
Permar, T.A., Garnsey, S.M., Gumpf, D.J., and Lee, R.F. 1990. A monoclonal antibody that discriminates strains of citrus tristeza virus.Phytopathology 80:224-228.
a) References to books. After the author, year and title, include: the edition number, publisher, place of publication and volume number.
Agrios, G.N. 1978. Plant Pathology. Second Edition. Academic Press. New York, USA. 103 p.
Romero Cave, S. 1988. Fungi fitopatógenos. Universidad Autonoma Chapingo. Chapingo, State of Mexico, Mexico. 347 p.
b) Chapter in a book.
Daniels, M.J. 1979. Mechanisms of spiroplasma pathogenicity. pp. 209-277. In: R.F. Whitcomb, and J.G. Tully (eds.). The Mycoplasmas. Vol. III. Academic Press. New York, USA. 450 p.
Grupta, G.K. 1992. Apple scab. pp. 1-31. In: J. Kumar, H.S. Chaube, U.S. Singh and Mukhopadhyay (eds.). Plant Diseases of International Importance. Vol. III. Diseases of Fruit Crops. Prentice Hall. New Jersey, USA. 456 p.
3. Thesis. Use the following format when you need to cite a thesis:
Frías-Treviño, G.A. 1987. An Inoculation Method to Evaluate Resistance to Witches’ Broom Disease of Cocoa. Ph.D. thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville. Florida, USA. 110 p.
Solis-Gutierrez, N. 1989. Physiological, metabolic and structural in tomato plants infected male plant viroid from tomato (VPMJ). Master of Science Thesis. Graduate College. Montecillo, Edo. Mexico. 90.
4. Abstracts from a conference.
Rush, C.M. 1995. Studies of a new disease of corn of unknown etiology in the Texas panhandle. Phytopathology 85:1193 (Abstract).
Becerra-Leor, in 1987. Population dynamics and host aphid virus vectors papaya ringspot in Veracruz. Memories XIV National Congress of the Mexican Society of Plant Pathology. Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico. Summary, p. 11.
Rocha-Peña, MA and Padrón-Chavez, JE 1992. Precautions and uses citrus rootstocks tolerant to tristeza virus. Special Publication No. 2.Experimental General Teran. INIFAP. General Teran, Nuevo Leon, Mexico 48 p.
Shannon, E. 1986. Controlling pecan diseases. Publ. 400 W-11. Cooperative Extensión Service. New Mexico State University. Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. 8 p.
Do not use “anonymous” as a reference. Use the name of the institution (or its acronym) published information.
USDA. 1976. Virus diseases and non-infectious disorders of stone fruits in North America. Agric. Handbook No. 437. U.S. Gov. Printing Office. Washington, D.C. 560 p.
SAGAR. 1997. Agricultural statistics of autumn-winter. Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development, Delegation Nuevo Leon.Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 37 p.
The literature cited should include only published or in press, accessible through libraries or information systems. Internal reports of an institution or those written in restricted and not accessible to the public should not be included in this section. Unpublished references are inserted in parentheses in the text as “personal communication”.
Tables. Titles should be no need to refer to the text. Tables should document, but do not duplicate data presented in the text. Separate sheets should be written, following the literature cited. Will capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the column headings and rows. Identify footnotes of the tables with the final lowercase alphabet (in order: x, y, z). If using letters or asterisks to indicate statistical significance at different levels, use (with appropriate descriptions), the first letters of the alphabet (a, b, c), or with an asterisk (*) to the level of p <0.05 , double asterisk (**) to the level of p <0.01 and three asterisks (***) to the level p <0.001.
Figures. Any drawings, photographs or slides submitted to RMF publication shall be the property of the Mexican Society of Plant Pathology, CA Provide a set of figures (graphics, drawings, photographs, etc .) with the manuscript. Figures should not over 15 x 20 cm. When possible, provide photographs of the size of a column (8.5 cm wide) of the RMF. Number each figure to match the reference text. Mark with a soft pencil on the back of each figure indicating the number of the figure and the first author. The figure legends should be written, double-spaced, on a separate sheet and attached below the pictures. Photographs can be black and white or color, but in the latter case, the slides are preferable.Digital photos will be accepted only for the review process. The original photos are necessary for final print, but should be included when submitting the manuscript to the RMF. Do not accept poor quality photographs. No type or paste arrows on the original photos. The abbreviations and symbols used in the figures should match the same style used in the text. In the case of graphs, try power point preparlas in separate file and send the same data.
Nomenclatures and scientific language. Authors are encouraged to consult textbooks and dictionaries for proper manuscript. The common name of plant pathogens and must be accompanied by their scientific name and the first time they are cited in the text. For bacteria use the nomenclature of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology and the Dictionary of Fungi fungi Ainsworth and Bisby. For virus to use the nomenclature published by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 1995. For nematodes, plants, terms of genetics, molecular biology, chemistry, biochemistry, etc., See textbooks and dictionaries appropriate.
Italics. Must be italicized Latin scientific names and expressions such as: in situ , per se , in vivo , in vitro , in planta , et al ., e . g ., i . e .
Numbers. Spell out numbers one through nine at the beginning of sentences or when it would lead to misinterpretation. Use numbers to describe units of measure.
Fertilizers. Describe the use of fertilizers in terms of elements (eg KP, etc.), Not as oxides (K20, P205).
Pesticides. Use the technical name of the pesticide and indicate where necessary, its active ingredient, formula, purity, and its manufacturer.Avoid using trade names, and if this is unavoidable, include a note to clarify the preference no similar products.
Manuscripts on the use of agrochemicals will be considered for review when the content provides new technical and scientific knowledge. It is important to consider the following requirements must be repeated experiments for at least two cycles using the same product or products, doses, application type and the same varieties. Also, it should provide information on plant height, biomass weight, weight of 1000 grains (cereals), performance, with their statistical analyzes, effect on the variants of the pathogen, plant toxicity, and if possible, effectiveness product under different temperature and humidity. It may also include the interaction of the product with cultural practices, planting dates, fertilization, seeding, etc.. An economic analysis on the use of the product would be a desirable addition.
The manuscript should be supported with an extensive literature review to support the proposed methodological basis (design, equipment, evaluation).
Measures. They use the metric system. The abbreviations are not followed by a singular point. The most common are:
Celsius = C
centimeter = cm
woe = g
ha = ha
hour = h
kilogramo = kg
kilogramos por hectárea = kg / ha or kg ha -1
kilometer = km
liter = liters ó L
metro = m
micra = μ
mg = milligrams
ml = milliliter ó mL
milímetro = mm
milimicra = mμ
minute = min
NM = nm
second = sec
temperatura = temp
ton = ton
Some useful references for writing scientific articles in the RMF:
Brickell, D.D. (chmn.) 1980. International code of nomenclature for cultivated plants: 1980. International Bureau of Plant Taxonomy and Nomenclature. Utrecht, Netherlands.
Council of Biology Editors. 1983. Council of Biology Editors style manual. 5th ed. CBE, Bethesda, MD. USA.
Downs, R.J. 1988. Rules for using the International System of Units. HortScience 23:811-812.
Edgerton, L.J. 1975. Rootstock nomenclature. HortScience 10:5.
Hawksworth, D.L., Kirk, P.M., Sutton, B.C., and Pegler, D.N. 1995. Ainsworth and Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi. 8th ed. CAB International, Wallingford.
Hopen, J.J. and McLane, S.R. 1984. Common and chemical names of pest control chemicals and plant growth regulators. HortScience 19:907-918.
International Union of Biochemistry. 1984. Enzyme Nomenclature 1984. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, FL.
King, R.C., and Stansfield, W.D. 1990. A Dictionary of Genetics. 4th ed. Oxford University Press, New York.
Krieg, N.R., and Holt, J.G., (eds.). 1984. Bergey’s Manual of Systemic Bacteriology. Vol. 1. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.
Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: a concise dictionary of Plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. 3rd ed. Macmillan, N.Y.
Mai, W.F. and Lyon, H.H. 1975. Pictorial key of plant-parasitic nematodes. Fourth edition, revised. Comstock/Cornell University Press. Ithaca, N.Y. 220 p.
Maxic, E.C. and Edwards, D. 1971. Preparing graphic materials for publication. HortScience 6(4):327-331 and 6(6):574.
Murphy, F.A., Fauquet, C.M., Bishop, D.H.L., Ghabrial, S.A., Jarvis, A.W., Martelli, G.P., Mayo, M.A., and Summers, M.D. 1995. Virus Taxonomy: Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Springer-Verlag, New York. (Arch. Virol. Suppl. 10).
Stenesh, J. 1989. Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 2nd ed. Wiley-Interscience, New York.
Stoetzel, M.B. 1989. Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.
Terrell, E.E., Hill, S.R., Wiersema, J.H., and Rice, W.E. 1986. A Checklist of Names of 3,000 Vascular Plants of Economic Importance. USDA Handb. 505.