Properties cultivation of soursop
The fruit is very delicate dark green covered with soft spines. Is relatively large, very thin shell. They should be harvested before ripe pulp is white, creamy, meaty, juicy and slightly acidic, measured 2-3 cm long, can weigh 2.5 kg in recent years, soursop extract has become widely acclaimed to have highly potent properties to fight cancer anonacina various studies, the compound of the soursop would have anticancer effects. However, these studies were only performed in vitro or in vivo in animals, there being still no clinical studies in humans. One reason cited for the lack of human clinical studies is the fact that you can not patent a plant, leading to laboratory studies sponsoring their lives is tropical thrives best in warm, moist soil grows good drained sandy loam, clay, sandstone. It takes place in a slightly acid pH adapts easily, especially in fast-growing species.
It has been cultivated in plantations to small and large scale, and its main product the juice extracted from the fruit. More research is needed to develop high yielding varieties that are resistant to pests and diseases. The superior varieties can be propagated easily by grafting on patterns of the same species. Buds taking braces should not petiolate mature growth of the previous season. The pulp of the fruit is very juicy and can be eaten directly, but mostly used for making soft drinks, ice cream, preserves, jellies and jams. The unripe fruit is cooked as a vegetable
It is defined as the use of a set of techniques and control methods that apply timely support in the production units
or farms soursop and surroundings to reduce agricultural pest populations at levels that do not cause economic losses in producer foster this sense and privilege management techniques ecological soil to directly impact on plant nutrition promote soil fertility through the massive use of biofertilizers, vermicompost, act on health of plantations.
The objective of this approach is primarily aimed at changing the paradigm of high-input agriculture, green revolution, based on application of agrochemicals using cultivars with high genetic potential not adapted to the tropics between practices through gradual transition leading to a agroecological management, beginning with the reduction of pesticide use increasing biological inputs especially the use of Bacillus thuringiensis Trichoderma, Trichogramma,
Telenomus, eliminating the use of crop insecticides “red band”, using environmentally friendly agricultural practice and social .
The soursop (Annona muricata)
Its origin is not known with certainty their home. Tropical America now grown in tropical America, Southeast Asia and the Philippines. It is an evergreen tree endemic closely related to the cherimoya is grown for its fruit, green skinned and very sweet but has been introduced in many countries. Grows optimally between 0 -1000 m is considered the most tropical of anonas therefore not stand the cold. The fresh pulp of the ripe fruit is consumed in its natural form. Unripe fruits are cooked and eaten as a vegetable juice pulp is used in the preparation of hot drinks (shampoos), cakes, liqueurs and jams.
Pulp is used industrially in the production of liquors, ice creams, juices and jellies (1, 2, 3, 8) is a plant soursop which can be used not only abundant fruit containing nutrients and vitamins but also the properties Medicinal different parts especially leaves; For arbola anticancerógenas properties or evergreen shrub / deciduous 3-8 m (up to 10 m) tall.