Things to do when you have breast cancer ?

Treatment of breast cancer depends on the size and
 
stage of the tumor, whether it has spread or not, and health status
 
General patient. In many cases, medical equipment
 
from different specialties work with the patient to
 
decide which is the best plan to follow.
 
 
 
Henceforth the doctor and you are responsible
 
your health: they are a team. The specialist has the knowledge
 
to diagnose and treat your illness, but you only
 
possible that treatment will continue as expected. This
 
disease is not cured in a short time, so you need to do
 
your doctor often. There needs to be good communication
 
and understanding between you.
 
 
 
 
The first treatment, with an early stage cancer, is responsible for removing the tumor. Some doctors will recommend surgery to remove the tumor, with or without radiation therapy.
 
The next step is to reduce the risk of the disease returning, and for that kill cancer cells that may remain. Your doctor will recommend further treatment such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy.
 
If the cancer recurs, the patient can choose another surgery and various treatments to combat metastases elsewhere in the body.
 
 
Factors determining the right treatment
 
 
The status and histological grade of tumor
The hormonal status of the tumor
The age and general health of the patient
Menopausal status of the patient
The presence of known mutations in genes breast cancer
Factors that may indicate that a tumor is aggressive
 
 
? What treatments are available for breast cancer ?
 
 
 
Surgery:
 
Radiation:
 
Chemotherapy:
 
Hormone therapy:
 
 
 
 
Surgery is the first choice of treatment for
 
many cancers. If localized and restricted
 
to a zone, this method is recommended for
 
removing it together with the surrounding tissue which could
 
contain cancer cells.
 
 
 
The success of surgery depends on whether the tumor has spread or
 
not to other areas. This method still provides the best
 
chances of cure for various forms of
 
cancer.
 
 
 
Radiation therapy is used to treat cancer
 
localized by this method are destroyed or damaged
 
cancer cells so they can not reproduce.
 
It is administered with high energy external beam or
 
through internal implants.
 
 
 
 
External radiation therapy is painless and is very similar
 
making a X-ray radiography The patient
 
not need to be hospitalized and given treatment
 
about 5 days a week for 5 to 8 weeks,
 
depending on the size, location and type of cancer.
 
 
 
 
Under certain circumstances be administered through
 
implants, which are small containers that
 
placed in or near the tumor while the patient is
 
under general or local anesthesia. This method
 
may receive a higher total dose of radiation in a
 
smaller area.
 
 
 
Some implants can be placed by the physician in
 
outpatient clinic, while
 
others may require the person to remain in the
 
hospital for a few days.
 
 
 
 
Implants do not usually cause severe pain,
 
but may cause some discomfort if required
 
an applicator to secure them in place. Once removed,
 
Radioactivity body disappears.
 
 
 
 
There can be side effects of this procedure,
 
which vary from one patient to another and depend on the
 
the body being treated and the amount of radiation used.
 
 
 
 
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy to treat cancer
 
intense acting drugs, that are generally
 
injected into a vein or given by mouth. These
 
travel around the body in the bloodstream. A
 
Often combinations of drugs are used, since it has been
 
are well proven effective.
 
 
 
 
This method of cure is given in cycles, each
 
of them followed by a recovery period.
 
 
 
Chemotherapy often lasts about 6
 
months, varying between 3 and 9. After the cancer
 
is removed by surgery, chemotherapy can
 
significantly reduce the risk of recurrence.
 
 
 
 
Used to treat cancer cells that have
 
spread to other parts of the body, ie the phenomenon
 
metastasis. Depending on the type and stage of development,
 
This method can be used to stop the disease,
 
keep it from spreading, slow growth,
 
kill cancer cells that have spread
 
other parts of the body to relieve symptoms or
 
condition caused by the disease itself.
 
 
 
 
The side effects of chemotherapy depend
 
the type of drug, the amount taken and the
 
treatment duration. The most common are nausea
 
and vomiting, hair loss, increased
 
likelihood of infection and fatigue.
 
 
 
 
Some may be more difficult to tolerate, while
 
others may be mild. Most of these effects
 
can be controlled with medication, support methods
 
or changing the treatment schedule. Others, on the
 
so may require immediate medical attention,
 
so you should tell your doctor about any
 
abnormality of your body as soon as possible.
 
 
 
Some side effects may also change
 
skin in the treated area and some loss of appetite.
 
Fortunately, many of the side effects go away
 
with time. Be sure to consult your doctor to see
 
if there is a remedy to alleviate these problems.
 
 
 
 
There are several medications used for
 
including chemotherapy and capecitabine is
 
TF-activated, oral chemotherapy whose safety and efficacy
 
been proven for locally advanced breast cancer
 
or metastatic as cells directly attack
 
cancer without affecting healthy ones. This option offers a
 
significant improvement in survival when combined with
 
conventional chemotherapy.
 
 
 
 
Among its most important benefits is
 
found that patients have less pain.
 
 
 
Hormonal therapy: Involves the use of
 
medications or surgical removal of the ovaries
 
to prevent hormones stimulate growth
 
cancer cells that may remain in
 
the body after surgery.
 
 
 
Consists of consuming oral medicines that fight
 
growth or spread of some cancers,
 
blocking the action of estrogen (hormone
 
female).
 
 
 
Rehabilitation and alternative and complementary therapies and directed
 
 
 
Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm:
 
Postoperative Exercises:
 
Complementary and Alternative Therapy:
 
Targeted therapies:
 
Biological therapy or immunotherapy:
 
Anti-angiogenesis :
 
 
 
Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm: This routine
 
exercise performed during treatment depend
 
of their physical condition and the doctor may suggest
 
considering the type and stage of disease, and
 
as you are undergoing treatment.
 
 
 
 
Perform the exercise with rest periods
 
appropriate during the day. The rehabilitation of his shoulder
 
arm and increase your energy level, will help
 
relieve stress, lower your anxiety and depression, and
 
stimulate the appetite.
 
 
 
 
Make sure it is your doctor who will help you
 
determine which activities are most appropriate
 
for you and the most convenient time. After
 
treatment, the chances are you face limitations
 
in the movement of the shoulder, arm edema,
 
pain, scars adherent and posture problems,
 
a shoulder higher than another.
 
 
 
It is important to take care of these possible consequences. By
 
Therefore, it is best to start as early as possible
 
fitness program. It is
 
exercises and postures that will help in the period
 
immediate postoperative period.
 
 
 
 
Postoperative exercises: in the opinion
 
your doctor, chances are that recommend a
 
moderate plan activities such as walking, yoga,
 
swimming or stretching. Ultimately, this will help you feel
 
better about the health of your body and mind.
 
 
 
 
We also recommend gentle active exercise,
 
neck, elbow, wrist and fingers. All this to preserve
 
joint mobility, prevent the “tightness” and loosen or
 
relax the muscles of the neck and arm. When
 
feel tense, do deep breathing, practice
 
relaxation, good posture lying,
 
sitting, standing or walking. While you have your arms
 
drainage position, do isometric contractions
 
soft (open and close the fingers tensing
 
muscles of the arm and forearm). This can be used
 
soft rubber ball.
 
 
 
 
Consider soft wrist exercises (bending,
 
stretch and rotate), forearm (rotation), elbow (bend
 
and stretch), neck exercises (bending and straightening) and circles
 
left and right three times each.
 
 
 
Alternative and complementary therapies: Both s and refer
not scientifically proven treatments. Examples are
hydrogen peroxide therapy, hydrazine sulfate and essiac tea.
Also included relaxation exercises, acupuncture and
physical training. While these methods do not cure complementary
disease, help control symptoms and improve well-being
the patient.
 
If you choose to follow one of these treatments, always consult your
doctor, as some herbal extracts such as echinacea,
ginkgo biloba and valerian root can be very powerful and
even dangerous, especially when combined with other
medications you may be taking. It is very important
the doctor knows everything you are taking and doing
for treating cancer.
 
There are methods which are very beneficial as aromatherapy,
art therapy, massage, meditation, music therapy,
Tai Chi and yoga.
 
 
 
 
Targeted therapies: this type of therapy specifically targets one
single cell type, and causes few side effects.
One example of this type of therapy is trastuzumab ,
approved to treat HER2-positive breast cancer, and metastatic
and as a companion treatment in early breast cancer.
Chemotherapy is not, but a monoclonal antibody
Therapy (also called target) attacking a very
specific. It has proven to work alone or in combination
common chemotherapy. Also extends the life and maintains the
quality of life in women with HER2-positive breast cancer.
It was demonstrated that produces improvements in fatigue, physical activity
and overall quality of life of patients, without the effects
toxic chemotherapy.
 
 
Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Treatments that f ortalecen
the same body so it can repair damage and fight
infections and cancer.
 
 
Anti-angiogenesis : therapy is another option, with bevacizumab.
E s different treatment that prevents the growth of vessels
blood that bring nutrition and oxygen to tumors. This medicine
is one of the first to prevent the body’s natural mechanism
create new blood vessels. It has been shown that patients
are treated with this drug live longer, without relapse
for over a year when combined with traditional chemotherapy
in the treatment of advanced breast cancer.
 
It also reduces the size of the tumor and does operable, improves
operation of chemotherapy and to increase the possibility of
the tumor becomes inactive. All this without increasing effects
Adverse typical of traditional chemotherapy.

Comments

So empty here ... leave a comment!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Sidebar