What is Ecology?
The ecology is the science that studies theecosystem . These are formed by the physical environment and the living beings that inhabit it.Among these elements are established numerous relationships, which are those that guarantee their equiibrioum
The characteristics and composition of the different ecosystems depend largely on the climatic conditions of each zone. Man alone, according to their ability to change the environment, you can practically live or exploit ecosystems.
This has enabled mankind to extract resources from the remotest antiquity. But the actual impact of this action on the environment is very serious and can cause depletion of certain natural resources and the destruction of ecosystems. Therefore urgent need for the exploitation of the environment through a model that respects the ecological balance, called “Sustainable Development.”
The word ecology comes from the Greek oikos , meaning “home”, “home” and logy , meaning “study” or “treaty”.Therefore, etymologically, the Ecology is the science that studies the natural conditions in which living beings inhabit.
The Ecology studies living beings, their environment, the distribution and abundance, how these properties are affected by the interaction of organisms and their environment.
The scientific study of the processes influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interactions between organisms and interactions between organisms and the transformation of the flows of energy and matter of nature. This is the vision of Ecology .
Founder of ecology
Ernst Haeckel is considered the founder of ecology. Ernst was a German biologist and philosopher and popularity that gave impetus to the work of Darwin and quiénpromovió the theory of evolution in Germany, creating the term ecology, among others.
Phyletic Haeckel founded the Museum of Jena and was a member of nearly a hundred institutions such as the Academy Leopoldina, the Berlin Bavarian Science, the Science Imperial Vienna, Turin, …
Haeckel’s evolutionary ideas were collected in 1866 in der Morphologie Generelle Organismen (general morphology of organisms), whose second volume dedicated to Charles Darwin, Wolfgang Goethe and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
Haeckel argued that all organisms, animals, plants and unicellular organisms came from a single ancestral form. In 1866 anticipated that the key to heredity resides in the cell nucleus.