Reflexive Verbs(french)

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La jounee

Reflexive Verbs

Ques: What is a reflexive verb?

Ans: A reflexive verb is a verb that does an action to its self.

 

 
  • le jour le travaille
  • je me levé – Wake up
  •  se laver – Wash one self
  • Se réveiller – Get up
  • Se brasser – Brush teeth
  • Se maquiller – Make up
  • Se mettre en route – set out
  • Se coucher – take oneself to bed

 

Je  tu 

ils,elles 

nous 

vous 

ils,elles 

Me te

se

nous

vous

se

lavelaves

lave

lavons

lavez

lavent

 

 

 

Comments

This post currently has 2 responses

  • No, this is the proper usage evrhywreee. These types of sentences should always expressed with the indirect object pronoun and never with PARA. Even though your English sentence used the word for , we could easily omit it:He brushed her teeth (for her). In Spanish, the use of the indirect object pronoun in sentences like these already means that the other person is either affected by the action, or deriving benefit. In other words, this already means for . When we learn a new language, we have a tendency to try and translate literally from our own language to the new one. Sometimes it works, but in this case it does not. The problem may only be your choice of examples. For instance, if you choose an action that you commonly do to yourself like bathing, getting dressed, brushing teeth etc these are expressed with the reflexive (baf1arse, vestirse, peinarse, cepillarse los dientes). When someone performs these actions TO someone else, they are expressed using the grammatical pattern I have shown you. In English we often use for : I had to brush my daughter’s teeth for her. But in Spanish, this type of sentence already means for without adding the word. Here are some of the Spanish examples:Ella se cepilla los dientes. She brushes her teeth (her own teeth).Ella le cepilla los dientes a su hija- She brushes her daughter’s teeth (for her).Ella se baf1a- She takes a bath.Ella le baf1a a su hija.- She gives her daughter a bath. Remember, the use of LE and the particular verb chosen already indicates it is for the other person. The use of LE in those sentences is also called a redundant object pronoun in case you would like to Google it for more information. In some other sentences, FOR will be expressed with POR if you are doing something on behalf of someone or because of someone :No puedo hablar por los deme1s.- I cannot speak for the others.Juan trabaja por su famileda.- Juan works for his family (because of them, to help them).COMPARE TO: Juan trabaja para esa compaf1eda.- Juan works for that company.Los abogados luchan por los clientes. The lawyers fight for their clients. The use of POR and PARA is a big subject as well as the use of direct and indirect object pronouns. I could keep talking about either of them all morning. If you like, you can post any other examples you have of sentences utilizing both an indirect object pronoun and para . This will allow me to address them individually and provide you with much better feedback. Do not get discouraged if you do not get this right away. This is an area that takes time and comes more naturally as you keep practicing. Some of the other big subjects students tend to struggle with: 1) translating to become in different sentences, 2) LE and LO usage, 3) and the subjunctive. It is good that you are aware that there are regional differences in Spanish. I translate regularly for work and I tailor my Spanish to fit the dialect of the person I am speaking to. I am required to testify to my translations and it is imperative that I understand the other person. In Colombia, I cannot use all of the words I use in Mexico and many words have different meanings. One night in Bogote1, I played a game with some Colombians and asked them to guess the meaning of a list of Mexican words and idioms. They did very badly .hahaha. Even some aspects of grammar change and this can be frustrating for students of the language. I would recommend you choose one particular Spanish-speaking country and focus on their usage. That is the only way to avoid conflicting advice from native speakers.

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