Things to do when you have breast cancer ?

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Treatment of breast cancer depends on the size and


stage of the tumor, whether it has spread or not, and health status


General patient. In many cases, medical equipment


from different specialties work with the patient to


decide which is the best plan to follow.




Henceforth the doctor and you are responsible


your health: they are a team. The specialist has the knowledge


to diagnose and treat your illness, but you only


possible that treatment will continue as expected. This


disease is not cured in a short time, so you need to do


your doctor often. There needs to be good communication


and understanding between you.





The first treatment, with an early stage cancer, is responsible for removing the tumor. Some doctors will recommend surgery to remove the tumor, with or without radiation therapy.


The next step is to reduce the risk of the disease returning, and for that kill cancer cells that may remain. Your doctor will recommend further treatment such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy.


If the cancer recurs, the patient can choose another surgery and various treatments to combat metastases elsewhere in the body.



Factors determining the right treatment



The status and histological grade of tumor

The hormonal status of the tumor

The age and general health of the patient

Menopausal status of the patient

The presence of known mutations in genes breast cancer

Factors that may indicate that a tumor is aggressive



? What treatments are available for breast cancer ?










Hormone therapy:





Surgery is the first choice of treatment for


many cancers. If localized and restricted


to a zone, this method is recommended for


removing it together with the surrounding tissue which could


contain cancer cells.




The success of surgery depends on whether the tumor has spread or


not to other areas. This method still provides the best


chances of cure for various forms of






Radiation therapy is used to treat cancer


localized by this method are destroyed or damaged


cancer cells so they can not reproduce.


It is administered with high energy external beam or


through internal implants.





External radiation therapy is painless and is very similar


making a X-ray radiography The patient


not need to be hospitalized and given treatment


about 5 days a week for 5 to 8 weeks,


depending on the size, location and type of cancer.





Under certain circumstances be administered through


implants, which are small containers that


placed in or near the tumor while the patient is


under general or local anesthesia. This method


may receive a higher total dose of radiation in a


smaller area.




Some implants can be placed by the physician in


outpatient clinic, while


others may require the person to remain in the


hospital for a few days.





Implants do not usually cause severe pain,


but may cause some discomfort if required


an applicator to secure them in place. Once removed,


Radioactivity body disappears.





There can be side effects of this procedure,


which vary from one patient to another and depend on the


the body being treated and the amount of radiation used.





Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy to treat cancer


intense acting drugs, that are generally


injected into a vein or given by mouth. These


travel around the body in the bloodstream. A


Often combinations of drugs are used, since it has been


are well proven effective.





This method of cure is given in cycles, each


of them followed by a recovery period.




Chemotherapy often lasts about 6


months, varying between 3 and 9. After the cancer


is removed by surgery, chemotherapy can


significantly reduce the risk of recurrence.





Used to treat cancer cells that have


spread to other parts of the body, ie the phenomenon


metastasis. Depending on the type and stage of development,


This method can be used to stop the disease,


keep it from spreading, slow growth,


kill cancer cells that have spread


other parts of the body to relieve symptoms or


condition caused by the disease itself.





The side effects of chemotherapy depend


the type of drug, the amount taken and the


treatment duration. The most common are nausea


and vomiting, hair loss, increased


likelihood of infection and fatigue.





Some may be more difficult to tolerate, while


others may be mild. Most of these effects


can be controlled with medication, support methods


or changing the treatment schedule. Others, on the


so may require immediate medical attention,


so you should tell your doctor about any


abnormality of your body as soon as possible.




Some side effects may also change


skin in the treated area and some loss of appetite.


Fortunately, many of the side effects go away


with time. Be sure to consult your doctor to see


if there is a remedy to alleviate these problems.





There are several medications used for


including chemotherapy and capecitabine is


TF-activated, oral chemotherapy whose safety and efficacy


been proven for locally advanced breast cancer


or metastatic as cells directly attack


cancer without affecting healthy ones. This option offers a


significant improvement in survival when combined with


conventional chemotherapy.





Among its most important benefits is


found that patients have less pain.




Hormonal therapy: Involves the use of


medications or surgical removal of the ovaries


to prevent hormones stimulate growth


cancer cells that may remain in


the body after surgery.




Consists of consuming oral medicines that fight


growth or spread of some cancers,


blocking the action of estrogen (hormone






Rehabilitation and alternative and complementary therapies and directed




Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm:


Postoperative Exercises:


Complementary and Alternative Therapy:


Targeted therapies:


Biological therapy or immunotherapy:


Anti-angiogenesis :




Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm: This routine


exercise performed during treatment depend


of their physical condition and the doctor may suggest


considering the type and stage of disease, and


as you are undergoing treatment.





Perform the exercise with rest periods


appropriate during the day. The rehabilitation of his shoulder


arm and increase your energy level, will help


relieve stress, lower your anxiety and depression, and


stimulate the appetite.





Make sure it is your doctor who will help you


determine which activities are most appropriate


for you and the most convenient time. After


treatment, the chances are you face limitations


in the movement of the shoulder, arm edema,


pain, scars adherent and posture problems,


a shoulder higher than another.




It is important to take care of these possible consequences. By


Therefore, it is best to start as early as possible


fitness program. It is


exercises and postures that will help in the period


immediate postoperative period.





Postoperative exercises: in the opinion


your doctor, chances are that recommend a


moderate plan activities such as walking, yoga,


swimming or stretching. Ultimately, this will help you feel


better about the health of your body and mind.





We also recommend gentle active exercise,


neck, elbow, wrist and fingers. All this to preserve


joint mobility, prevent the “tightness” and loosen or


relax the muscles of the neck and arm. When


feel tense, do deep breathing, practice


relaxation, good posture lying,


sitting, standing or walking. While you have your arms


drainage position, do isometric contractions


soft (open and close the fingers tensing


muscles of the arm and forearm). This can be used


soft rubber ball.





Consider soft wrist exercises (bending,


stretch and rotate), forearm (rotation), elbow (bend


and stretch), neck exercises (bending and straightening) and circles


left and right three times each.




Alternative and complementary therapies: Both s and refer

not scientifically proven treatments. Examples are

hydrogen peroxide therapy, hydrazine sulfate and essiac tea.

Also included relaxation exercises, acupuncture and

physical training. While these methods do not cure complementary

disease, help control symptoms and improve well-being

the patient.


If you choose to follow one of these treatments, always consult your

doctor, as some herbal extracts such as echinacea,

ginkgo biloba and valerian root can be very powerful and

even dangerous, especially when combined with other

medications you may be taking. It is very important

the doctor knows everything you are taking and doing

for treating cancer.


There are methods which are very beneficial as aromatherapy,

art therapy, massage, meditation, music therapy,

Tai Chi and yoga.





Targeted therapies: this type of therapy specifically targets one

single cell type, and causes few side effects.

One example of this type of therapy is trastuzumab ,

approved to treat HER2-positive breast cancer, and metastatic

and as a companion treatment in early breast cancer.

Chemotherapy is not, but a monoclonal antibody

Therapy (also called target) attacking a very

specific. It has proven to work alone or in combination

common chemotherapy. Also extends the life and maintains the

quality of life in women with HER2-positive breast cancer.

It was demonstrated that produces improvements in fatigue, physical activity

and overall quality of life of patients, without the effects

toxic chemotherapy.



Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Treatments that f ortalecen

the same body so it can repair damage and fight

infections and cancer.



Anti-angiogenesis : therapy is another option, with bevacizumab.

E s different treatment that prevents the growth of vessels

blood that bring nutrition and oxygen to tumors. This medicine

is one of the first to prevent the body’s natural mechanism

create new blood vessels. It has been shown that patients

are treated with this drug live longer, without relapse

for over a year when combined with traditional chemotherapy

in the treatment of advanced breast cancer.


It also reduces the size of the tumor and does operable, improves

operation of chemotherapy and to increase the possibility of

the tumor becomes inactive. All this without increasing effects

Adverse typical of traditional chemotherapy.

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