Things to do when you have breast cancer ?

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Treatment of breast cancer depends on the size and

 

stage of the tumor, whether it has spread or not, and health status

 

General patient. In many cases, medical equipment

 

from different specialties work with the patient to

 

decide which is the best plan to follow.

 

 

 

Henceforth the doctor and you are responsible

 

your health: they are a team. The specialist has the knowledge

 

to diagnose and treat your illness, but you only

 

possible that treatment will continue as expected. This

 

disease is not cured in a short time, so you need to do

 

your doctor often. There needs to be good communication

 

and understanding between you.

 

 

 

 

The first treatment, with an early stage cancer, is responsible for removing the tumor. Some doctors will recommend surgery to remove the tumor, with or without radiation therapy.

 

The next step is to reduce the risk of the disease returning, and for that kill cancer cells that may remain. Your doctor will recommend further treatment such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy.

 

If the cancer recurs, the patient can choose another surgery and various treatments to combat metastases elsewhere in the body.

 

 

Factors determining the right treatment

 

 

The status and histological grade of tumor

The hormonal status of the tumor

The age and general health of the patient

Menopausal status of the patient

The presence of known mutations in genes breast cancer

Factors that may indicate that a tumor is aggressive

 

 

? What treatments are available for breast cancer ?

 

 

 

Surgery:

 

Radiation:

 

Chemotherapy:

 

Hormone therapy:

 

 

 

 

Surgery is the first choice of treatment for

 

many cancers. If localized and restricted

 

to a zone, this method is recommended for

 

removing it together with the surrounding tissue which could

 

contain cancer cells.

 

 

 

The success of surgery depends on whether the tumor has spread or

 

not to other areas. This method still provides the best

 

chances of cure for various forms of

 

cancer.

 

 

 

Radiation therapy is used to treat cancer

 

localized by this method are destroyed or damaged

 

cancer cells so they can not reproduce.

 

It is administered with high energy external beam or

 

through internal implants.

 

 

 

 

External radiation therapy is painless and is very similar

 

making a X-ray radiography The patient

 

not need to be hospitalized and given treatment

 

about 5 days a week for 5 to 8 weeks,

 

depending on the size, location and type of cancer.

 

 

 

 

Under certain circumstances be administered through

 

implants, which are small containers that

 

placed in or near the tumor while the patient is

 

under general or local anesthesia. This method

 

may receive a higher total dose of radiation in a

 

smaller area.

 

 

 

Some implants can be placed by the physician in

 

outpatient clinic, while

 

others may require the person to remain in the

 

hospital for a few days.

 

 

 

 

Implants do not usually cause severe pain,

 

but may cause some discomfort if required

 

an applicator to secure them in place. Once removed,

 

Radioactivity body disappears.

 

 

 

 

There can be side effects of this procedure,

 

which vary from one patient to another and depend on the

 

the body being treated and the amount of radiation used.

 

 

 

 

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy to treat cancer

 

intense acting drugs, that are generally

 

injected into a vein or given by mouth. These

 

travel around the body in the bloodstream. A

 

Often combinations of drugs are used, since it has been

 

are well proven effective.

 

 

 

 

This method of cure is given in cycles, each

 

of them followed by a recovery period.

 

 

 

Chemotherapy often lasts about 6

 

months, varying between 3 and 9. After the cancer

 

is removed by surgery, chemotherapy can

 

significantly reduce the risk of recurrence.

 

 

 

 

Used to treat cancer cells that have

 

spread to other parts of the body, ie the phenomenon

 

metastasis. Depending on the type and stage of development,

 

This method can be used to stop the disease,

 

keep it from spreading, slow growth,

 

kill cancer cells that have spread

 

other parts of the body to relieve symptoms or

 

condition caused by the disease itself.

 

 

 

 

The side effects of chemotherapy depend

 

the type of drug, the amount taken and the

 

treatment duration. The most common are nausea

 

and vomiting, hair loss, increased

 

likelihood of infection and fatigue.

 

 

 

 

Some may be more difficult to tolerate, while

 

others may be mild. Most of these effects

 

can be controlled with medication, support methods

 

or changing the treatment schedule. Others, on the

 

so may require immediate medical attention,

 

so you should tell your doctor about any

 

abnormality of your body as soon as possible.

 

 

 

Some side effects may also change

 

skin in the treated area and some loss of appetite.

 

Fortunately, many of the side effects go away

 

with time. Be sure to consult your doctor to see

 

if there is a remedy to alleviate these problems.

 

 

 

 

There are several medications used for

 

including chemotherapy and capecitabine is

 

TF-activated, oral chemotherapy whose safety and efficacy

 

been proven for locally advanced breast cancer

 

or metastatic as cells directly attack

 

cancer without affecting healthy ones. This option offers a

 

significant improvement in survival when combined with

 

conventional chemotherapy.

 

 

 

 

Among its most important benefits is

 

found that patients have less pain.

 

 

 

Hormonal therapy: Involves the use of

 

medications or surgical removal of the ovaries

 

to prevent hormones stimulate growth

 

cancer cells that may remain in

 

the body after surgery.

 

 

 

Consists of consuming oral medicines that fight

 

growth or spread of some cancers,

 

blocking the action of estrogen (hormone

 

female).

 

 

 

Rehabilitation and alternative and complementary therapies and directed

 

 

 

Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm:

 

Postoperative Exercises:

 

Complementary and Alternative Therapy:

 

Targeted therapies:

 

Biological therapy or immunotherapy:

 

Anti-angiogenesis :

 

 

 

Rehabilitation of shoulder-arm: This routine

 

exercise performed during treatment depend

 

of their physical condition and the doctor may suggest

 

considering the type and stage of disease, and

 

as you are undergoing treatment.

 

 

 

 

Perform the exercise with rest periods

 

appropriate during the day. The rehabilitation of his shoulder

 

arm and increase your energy level, will help

 

relieve stress, lower your anxiety and depression, and

 

stimulate the appetite.

 

 

 

 

Make sure it is your doctor who will help you

 

determine which activities are most appropriate

 

for you and the most convenient time. After

 

treatment, the chances are you face limitations

 

in the movement of the shoulder, arm edema,

 

pain, scars adherent and posture problems,

 

a shoulder higher than another.

 

 

 

It is important to take care of these possible consequences. By

 

Therefore, it is best to start as early as possible

 

fitness program. It is

 

exercises and postures that will help in the period

 

immediate postoperative period.

 

 

 

 

Postoperative exercises: in the opinion

 

your doctor, chances are that recommend a

 

moderate plan activities such as walking, yoga,

 

swimming or stretching. Ultimately, this will help you feel

 

better about the health of your body and mind.

 

 

 

 

We also recommend gentle active exercise,

 

neck, elbow, wrist and fingers. All this to preserve

 

joint mobility, prevent the “tightness” and loosen or

 

relax the muscles of the neck and arm. When

 

feel tense, do deep breathing, practice

 

relaxation, good posture lying,

 

sitting, standing or walking. While you have your arms

 

drainage position, do isometric contractions

 

soft (open and close the fingers tensing

 

muscles of the arm and forearm). This can be used

 

soft rubber ball.

 

 

 

 

Consider soft wrist exercises (bending,

 

stretch and rotate), forearm (rotation), elbow (bend

 

and stretch), neck exercises (bending and straightening) and circles

 

left and right three times each.

 

 

 

Alternative and complementary therapies: Both s and refer

not scientifically proven treatments. Examples are

hydrogen peroxide therapy, hydrazine sulfate and essiac tea.

Also included relaxation exercises, acupuncture and

physical training. While these methods do not cure complementary

disease, help control symptoms and improve well-being

the patient.

 

If you choose to follow one of these treatments, always consult your

doctor, as some herbal extracts such as echinacea,

ginkgo biloba and valerian root can be very powerful and

even dangerous, especially when combined with other

medications you may be taking. It is very important

the doctor knows everything you are taking and doing

for treating cancer.

 

There are methods which are very beneficial as aromatherapy,

art therapy, massage, meditation, music therapy,

Tai Chi and yoga.

 

 

 

 

Targeted therapies: this type of therapy specifically targets one

single cell type, and causes few side effects.

One example of this type of therapy is trastuzumab ,

approved to treat HER2-positive breast cancer, and metastatic

and as a companion treatment in early breast cancer.

Chemotherapy is not, but a monoclonal antibody

Therapy (also called target) attacking a very

specific. It has proven to work alone or in combination

common chemotherapy. Also extends the life and maintains the

quality of life in women with HER2-positive breast cancer.

It was demonstrated that produces improvements in fatigue, physical activity

and overall quality of life of patients, without the effects

toxic chemotherapy.

 

 

Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Treatments that f ortalecen

the same body so it can repair damage and fight

infections and cancer.

 

 

Anti-angiogenesis : therapy is another option, with bevacizumab.

E s different treatment that prevents the growth of vessels

blood that bring nutrition and oxygen to tumors. This medicine

is one of the first to prevent the body’s natural mechanism

create new blood vessels. It has been shown that patients

are treated with this drug live longer, without relapse

for over a year when combined with traditional chemotherapy

in the treatment of advanced breast cancer.

 

It also reduces the size of the tumor and does operable, improves

operation of chemotherapy and to increase the possibility of

the tumor becomes inactive. All this without increasing effects

Adverse typical of traditional chemotherapy.

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